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it aims to solve the problem of choosing a Debian mirror, among other issues.
The redirector uses the geo and network location of the user and the
mirrors, the architecture of the requested files, IP address family, the
availability and freshness of the mirrors, and a few other things. It is
The result: it selects the best mirror that can serve the file. Give the demonstration a try!
If you are familiar with cdn.debian.net you should think of httpredir.debian.org as a superior replacement.
Replace your currently configured Debian mirror in sources.list with the following address:
deb http://httpredir.debian.org/debian stable main
You may use it like you would use a primary Debian mirror: binaries, sources, stable, testing, experimental, etc., they are all supported.Backports (for wheezy):
deb http://httpredir.debian.org/debian wheezy-backports mainBackports (for squeeze):
deb http://httpredir.debian.org/debian-backports squeeze-backports mainArchived releases (archive.debian.org):
Note: some people test the above URLs by copying&pasting them as-is in their browser. You need to add a slash at the end. E.g. /debian/.
There are other approaches to solving the problem of choosing a mirror.
For a comparison to similar tools, like mirrorbrain, please refer to the
README file in the code repository.
cdn.debian.net uses a technology called geoDNS. Although this
technology has its benefits, such as being protocol-independent, it
also has its limitations.
Some of the advantages over such approach include:
Some of the existing advantages over the mirror:// method being developed within apt:
IPv6 is supported (please refer to the README for the details.)
There's still a lot that can be done to improve the redirector and APT.
If you are interested, please clone the repository and get in touch
There are plans for features such as:
The redirector can not send users to a local address. Use a caching
If you don't have control over the network infrastructure, you might want to look at apt-p2p.
If you administer a local mirror for your company, university, etc. and want your users to be redirected to it, please get in touch with me. I'd like to work a solution with you.
The code can easily be adapted to be used on non-Debian.org repositories. Get in touch with me for the details (they vary as the code is developed).
The code repository is now at github. Feel free to clone it, hack it, send pull requests, report bugs (in the code! see below), etc. If you don't want to create an account there you may send me (Raphael) an email, but I might need some prodding.Clone it:
If you are having issues with the redirector itself, please email me instead. Hash sum mismatches, poor mirror selection, etc., I'd like to know about all that.
There is no warrant that this service will be uninterrupted or error free. It is provided in the hope that it will be useful but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.